1 day ago
the worlds first dedicated armoured personnel carrier (APC), the Mark IX tank, displayed at the massive and amazing Tank Museum Bovington - one of the largest museums and collections of armoured fighting vehicles in the northen hemisphere. (also the Mark IX tank is still there.
The Mark IX tank was designed in 1917 by Lt. G.J. Rackham, because it became clear that infantry often could not keep up with the tanks; not because soldiers were too slow—the early tanks themselves could only move at a walking pace—but because soldiers on foot remained vulnerable to machine gun fire, though tanks had been invented to solve that problem.
On many occasions, positions gained at great cost were immediately lost for lack of infantry to consolidate. It was thought this problem might be solved by squeezing a few infantry soldiers into each tank, but the atmosphere inside was of so poor quality and full of engine fumes that the soldiers became ill—losing consciousness or, when exposed to fresh air again, being incapacitated for about an hour while recovering from the noxious fumes inside the tank. They would be sick and suffer from severe headaches - that Great War tank conditions for you.
In September 1917 Armstrong, Whitworth & Co. in Newcastle-upon-Tyne began constructing two prototypes of a pure transport vehicle that would become the Mark IX, which could also serve as a supply tank. The prototypes were approved the following year annd trials had began. but a year later though, on 11th November 1918, the Great War came to an end, but this didnt spell the end of the Mark IX, for some years after the war, the 34 out of the planned 200 Mark IX tanks were used as "Infantry Carriers", this was proven as historical photos show that an IC was painted on the hull of the Mark IX tanks. a small number of Mark IX tanks were used as an armoured ambulance, while i think one was rebuilt as an amphibious tank, but good luck putting 27 tonnes of steel in the water and getting it to float. #tanks #tank #wwi #greatwar #worldwar1 #firstworldwar #history #bovingtontankmuseum #infantry #britian #tigertank #1914 #1918